Special conferences in Montreal to advance the Global Pact for Biodiversity

New Delhi: A three-day special meeting to advance an ambitious global biodiversity framework agreement to bend the curve of nature loss will take place in Montreal, Canada, from December 3-5.

This will be the fifth meeting of the global community to negotiate the outlines, objectives and targets of the agreement, which will be considered for adoption immediately thereafter at the 15th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (COP15), chaired by China, now scheduled for December 7-19 in Montreal.

A high-level segment of the conference will take place from December 13-15.

Elizabeth Maruma Mrema, Executive Secretary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, said: “The fourth negotiating session in Nairobi in June was supposed to be the last, but the deal is not there yet. Although progress in Nairobi was slow, progress was made, especially on the contentious issue of digital sequence information of genetic resources.

“The parties will have to decide in December whether the digital sequence information will be part of the framework or will be treated separately. The extra trading days just before COP15 will be crucial for this issue and more, necessitating a slight change in the dates of this historic summit.

Originally scheduled for Kunming, China in 2020, COP15 was postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic and then split into a two-part event.

The first part was held successfully in Kunming last October, during which Chinese President Xi Jinping and other heads of state from eight parties, as well as the UN Secretary General, made presentations online, reinforcing their commitment to tackling the biodiversity crisis.

The second part of COP15 was also highlighted by the Kunming Declaration and President X’s announcement that China would invest 1.5 billion yuan to establish the Kunming Biodiversity Fund, giving strong political impetus to the global governance of biodiversity and a solid basis for the second part of COP15.

The decision to move the conclusion of COP15 to Montreal was taken last month by the Bureau of the Conference of the Parties, in consultation with the CBD Secretariat and the governments of China and Canada.

Meanwhile, at the Africa Nature Finance Forum held this week on the sidelines of the inaugural African Protected Areas Congress (APAC) 2022, government leaders and experts from across Africa called for an urgent increase funding to protect global biodiversity.

“By 2100, we could lose half of our bird and animal species, 20-30% of the productivity of African lakes and a significant number of our plant species,” said Lee White, Minister of Waters. , Forests, Sea and Environment. , Gabon.

“In this context, without strong action, we will create problems of instability and security throughout the African continent. One of the key elements is the mobilization of predictable and sustainable resources. This is why we need to think about innovative and sustainable finance for nature.

The natural world is disappearing at an unprecedented rate. One million plant and animal species are now threatened with extinction, many of them within decades, and 60% of terrestrial wild animal populations have disappeared in the past 50 years.

Rainforests around the world are being cleared at the rate of four football pitches per minute.

To address this crisis, governments, indigenous peoples and local communities, environmental organizations and businesses are working to develop a new framework to guide biodiversity conservation over the next decade, known as the name of the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework.

This global agreement will be finalized at COP15 of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), which will take place in Montreal.

However, without sufficient funding, solving the biodiversity crisis will not be possible, and this essential global agreement may be elusive.


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